January 30, 2023

Taxation works in a different way for people, corporations, companies and different entities. One such entity is a Hindu Undivided Household (‘HUF’), which has its separate tax liabilities and exemptions.

HUF, as an idea in India, was created to make sure households keep collectively and the ropes of their companies stays inside the household. In at the moment’s time and age, households are nonetheless following this precept laid down ages in the past. This might be certain that the wealth and management of a enterprise stays inside the embrace of the household.

An HUF is an emotion, which has now been given authorized sanctity.

An summary of HUF and Karta

Hindu Undivided Household (HUF) is a not a creation of any codified regulation however solely by follow, which has been handled as a separate ‘individual’ underneath the provisions of the Revenue Tax Act, 1961 (IT Act).

HUF consists of people who’ve lineally descended from a standard ancestor. An individual will get a proper in an HUF by delivery as a co-parcener or by marriage as a member. It really works on the ‘eldest first’ idea.

Karta often is the eldest member of the household. As soon as the Karta passes away or retires, the eldest baby (male or feminine) turns into the subsequent Karta of the HUF, and the HUF will proceed as common, with out distribution of any property. Remainder of the people who’re born within the household will robotically develop into co-parceners of the HUF on delivery. Any girl who’s married to a co-parcener robotically turns into a member of the HUF by marriage. Ladies have rights in two HUFs — their father’s HUF as a co-parcener, and their husband’s HUF as a member. To make sure, a co-parcener in its literal sense means a joint inheritor. Any particular person born in an HUF robotically turns into a co-parcener.

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Nonetheless, husbands of feminine co-parceners don’t get any rights within the wives’ mother and father’ HUF. There is no such thing as a explicit format of a household for the creation of an HUF, which may be arrange in a joint household simply the identical as in a nuclear household. Additional, it’s not necessary to have ancestral properties or inherited property for the creation of an HUF.

Similar to every other enterprise entity, HUF can run its personal enterprise to generate earnings. It will possibly additionally make investments individually in an identical method as every other particular person, together with in actual property, treasured metals, shares and mutual funds.

Advantages of HUF

There are numerous advantages connected to following the HUF system. These embody:

Tax advantages

An HUF is a separate authorized entity and thus enjoys a fundamental tax exemption. It’s handled individually from its members and has its separate PAN card, making a separate stream of earnings. A member of an HUF enjoys full exemption from tax on any quantity of earnings obtained from the HUF, the place the sum has been paid out of the earnings of the HUF.

Loans & insurance coverage advantages

An HUF can lengthen loans to its members as per the phrases agreed upon. Furthermore, an HUF can even avail of a residence mortgage to buy a residential property and get tax advantages up underneath Part 80C of the IT Act for mortgage reimbursement and for the curiosity to be paid thereon.

People obtain varied exemptions on tax funds for his or her bills all year long in direction of insurance coverage insurance policies and different funding devices. Related advantages are additionally relevant for an HUF. For instance, an HUF will pay life insurance coverage premium for its particular person members and may declare tax advantages in opposition to the identical underneath Part 80C of the IT Act.

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Fairness-linked cost schemes are another investments which are eligible for tax exemptions underneath this part. People can, by an HUF, declare a most quantity of exemptions and deductions to the tune of roughly Rs 1.5 lakh underneath this Part of the IT Act.


An HUF is allowed to make investments in tax-saving fastened deposits and equity-linked financial savings schemes (ELSS) to earn tax advantages underneath Part 80C of the IT Act. Whereas an HUF can’t open a Public Provident Fund (PPF) account in its identify, it could declare tax deductions for the quantity deposited by the HUF in respective PPF accounts of its members.

Having stated that, whereas there are a number of advantages of making an HUF, it’s not free from its justifiable share of sensible hurdles and difficulties. We’ll have a look at these in our subsequent piece.